What were the Pronaos Naos or cella and opisthodomos?

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What were the Pronaos Naos or cella and opisthodomos?

Temple Architecture in the Greek Archaic Period The main portion of the temple was the naos. To the front of the naos was the pronaos, or front porch. A wall separated the naos and opisthodomos completely. The opisthodomos is accessed through the naos by two doors.

What is the cella in Parthenon?

The cella of the Parthenon – the inner chamber – housed the 12-meter-high gold-and-ivory statue of the goddess Athena Parthenos, which was sculpted by Phidias in 447 BC and dedicated in 438 BC.

What are the five main parts of a Greek temple?

Plan of a Typical Greek Temple

  • Stereobate (or substructure).
  • Stylobate.
  • Colonnade (or peristyle).
  • Porch (or pronaos).
  • Cella (or naos).
  • Rear porch (or opisthodomus). Note: 80% of all Greek temples face east so the cult idol, with the doors to the cella open, faces the rising sun.

What is a cella in Egypt?

The cella was typically a simple, windowless, rectangular room with a door or open entrance at the front behind a colonnaded portico facade. In larger temples, the cella was typically divided by two colonnades into a central nave flanked by two aisles.

What is the naós in a temple?

Definition of naos 1 : an ancient temple or shrine. 2 : cella.

What is the purpose of a Pronaos?

Definition of pronaos : the outer part of an ancient Greek temple forming a portico immediately in front of the cella and delimited by the front wall of the cella and the columns or the antae and columns also : the narthex of an early church.

What was the cella used for?

Use of Cella The cella of a Roman temple is meant to house the image of the deity or god for which the temple was built to worship.

What does a cella look like?

cella, Greek Naos, in Classical architecture, the body of a temple (as distinct from the portico) in which the image of the deity is housed. In early Greek and Roman architecture it was a simple room, usually rectangular, with the entrance at one end and with the side walls often being extended to form a porch.

What is a cella in a temple?

What was cella ziggurat?

The central hall, or cella, was the divinity’s room and housed a stepped altar. The Sumerians referred to their temples as “waiting rooms”, a reflection of their belief that deity would descend from the heavens to appear before the priests in the cella.

What is the NAOS in a temple?

What is the naos in a temple?

What is the cella used for?

An inner, windowless room, or cella, housed an image of a god, and an altar stood outside the temple, usually at the eastern end and often enclosed.

What is a cella in Sumerian temple?

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