What was the Gallipoli Campaign?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What was the Gallipoli Campaign?

The Gallipoli campaign [a] was a military campaign in the First World War that took place on the Gallipoli peninsula ( Gelibolu in modern Turkey), from 17 February 1915 to 9 January 1916. The Entente powers, Britain, France and Russia, sought to weaken the Ottoman Empire, one of the Central Powers, by taking control of the Ottoman straits.

Where did the Battle of Gallipoli take place?

Troop transports assembled off the island of Lemnos, and landings began on the Gallipoli Peninsula at two places early on April 25, 1915, at Cape Helles (29th British and Royal Naval divisions) and at ANZAC (Australian and New Zealand Army Corps) beaches. A French brigade landed on the Anatolian coast opposite, at Kum Kale, but was later withdrawn.

How many people died at Gallipoli?

Gallipoli casualties (not including illness) Countries Dead Wounded Total Australia 8,709 19,441 28,150 New Zealand 2,721 4,752 7,473 British India 1,358 3,421 4,779 Newfoundland 49 93 142

What is the best book on the Battle of Gallipoli?

The Gallipoli Evacuation. Sydney: Living History. ISBN 978-0-6489-2260-5. Haythornthwaite, Philip (2004) [1991]. Gallipoli 1915: Frontal Assault on Turkey. Campaign Series. London: Osprey. ISBN 978-0-275-98288-1. Holmes, Richard, ed. (2001). The Oxford Companion to Military History. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-866209-9.

Where did the Anzacs land at Gallipoli?

The invasion plan of 25th April 1915, was for the 29th Division to land at Helles on the tip of the peninsula and then advance upon the forts at Kilitbahir. The Anzacs were to land north of Gaba Tepe. This sector of the Gallipoli Peninsula became known as ‘Anzac’, the area held by the British and French became known as the ‘Helles sector’.

How many Turkish soldiers fought at Gallipoli in 1915?

By the end of September 1915, the total number of Turkish forces in Gallipoli was 5,287 officers and 255,728 soldiers of which 158,363 were combatants, supported by 230 pieces of artillery. The number of the Allied combatants was nearly 120,000.

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