What is the screening test for Hep C?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What is the screening test for Hep C?

A blood test, called an HCV antibody test, is used to find out if someone has ever been infected with the hepatitis C virus. The HCV antibody test, sometimes called the anti-HCV test, looks for antibodies to the hepatitis C virus in blood.

How soon can HCV be detected by a blood test?

The hepatitis C (HCV) window period is usually 4–10 weeks from the time of exposure. After 6 months , most people will have developed enough antibodies for an HCV test to detect. In rare cases, however, antibodies can take up to 9 months to develop.

How much does a HCV RNA test cost?

HCV diagnostic testing1 HCV therapy1
ELISA antibody screening test (CPT 86803) $77–104 $24,000
Confirmatory RIBA antibody test (CPT 86804) $108–138 $1,106–1,813
RNA test (CPT 87522) $158–259 $719
Liver biopsy $2,747

What is the normal range of HCV test?

Normal range for this assay is “Not Detected”. The quantitative range of this assay is 10 – 100,000,000 IU/mL (1.0 – 8.0 log IU/mL). LLoQ values do not apply to diluted specimens.

What is hepatitis profile test?

The hepatitis virus panel is a series of blood tests used to detect current or past infection by hepatitis A, hepatitis B, or hepatitis C. It can screen blood samples for more than one kind of hepatitis virus at the same time. Antibody and antigen tests can detect each of the different hepatitis viruses.

Why does my doctor want a hep C test?

Getting tested and treated early can stop the hepatitis C virus from triggering cirrhosis or cancer. Your doctor will be able to keep an eye out for signs of liver trouble. They can start treatment before you serious damage starts.

When is hep C test conclusive?

Even at 15 weeks, only about 80% of HCV-infected persons will have positive HCV Ab [MMWR rr5005a1]. Therefore, the6-month (24-week) HCV antibody test is considered to be conclusive in excluding HCV acquisition: ≥97% will be positive at 6 months post exposure [MMWR rr5005a1].

Does insurance cover hep C test?

Providing free preventive care. Under the ACA, all new health plans must cover certain preventive services—like shots and screening tests—without charging a deductible or co-pay. This includes important viral hepatitis services such as hepatitis A and B vaccination and hepatitis B and C testing.

How do I read my hep C blood test results?

A positive result means that a person has the hepatitis C virus. A negative result means that the body has cleared the virus without treatment. The second test is the hep C RNA quantitative test. The result of this test is given as a number rather than a positive or negative.

Why did my doctor order a hep C test?

The purpose of hepatitis C testing is to determine if a person has been infected by the hepatitis C virus, to evaluate a current or past infection, and to guide a patient’s treatment. Hepatitis C is the most common form of viral hepatitis in the United States.

Can you test positive for hep C and not have it?

Some people have antibodies associated with the virus in their blood but do not have an active hepatitis C infection. These antibodies can lead to false-positive results on blood tests for an active infection. A person can have hepatitis C for a number of years, or sometimes decades, without experiencing any symptoms.

What is a positive HCV RNA result?

If a qualitative RNA test is positive (detected), then it is confirmed that the patient has chronic hepatitis C. The “qualitative” test is more accurate than the “quantitative” test because qualitative tests are able to detect very low levels of the virus.

What is hepatitis C Screening?

What is a hepatitis C screening? Testing for hepatitis C involves a blood test called an HCV antibody test (or anti-HCV test). This test determines if you’ve ever had a hepatitis C infection by checking your blood for HCV-specific antibodies. If you test positive for HCV antibodies, you’ll need to undergo follow-up testing.

What are the follow-up tests for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection?

People testing anti‑HCV positive/reactive should have follow-up testing with an FDA‑approved nucleic acid test (NAT) for detection of HCV RNA. See complete Recommended Testing Sequence for Identifying Current Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) Infection.

What is the NAT test for hepatitis C virus?

This test is called a nucleic acid test (NAT) for HCV RNA. Another name used for this test is a PCR test. If the NAT for HCV RNA is: Negative – you were infected with hepatitis C virus, but the virus is no longer in your body because you were cured or cleared the virus naturally. Positive – you now have the virus in your blood.

What does a positive test result for hepatitis C mean?

Positive – you now have the virus in your blood. If you have a reactive antibody test and a positive NAT for HCV RNA, you will need to talk to a doctor about treatment. Treatments are available that can cure most people with hepatitis C in 8 to 12 weeks.