What is the mental rotation experiment?
What is the mental rotation experiment?
Originally developed in 1978 by Vandenberg and Kuse based on the research by Shepherd and Metzler (1971), a Mental Rotation Test (MRT) consists of a participant comparing two 3D objects (or letters), often rotated in some axis, and states if they are the same image or if they are mirror images (enantiomorphs).
Is mental rotation a spatial ability?
Mental rotation is a computationally complex spatial process, with performance varying widely across individuals irrespective of other intelligence measures (Borst et al., 2011; Johnson & Bouchard, 2005; Shepard & Metzler, 1971).
What does physical rotation reveal about mental rotation?
They posited that participants rotate mental images to achieve a match and that mental rotation recruits motor processes. This interpretation has become central in the literature, but until now, surprisingly few researchers have compared mental and physical rotation.
What affects mental rotation?
They found a facilitation with human figures and egocentric mental rotation tasks, and observed that males were more accurate than females. The authors concluded that mental rotation performance in older adults is affected by stimulus type, kind of transformation and gender.
What is the purpose of mental rotation task?
Mental rotation tasks involve recognizing what an object may look like when viewed from other angles or when oriented differently in space. It is the ability to rotate mental representations of 2D or 3D objects and typically involves the following cognitive stages: Create a mental image of the object.
What is an example of mental rotation?
Mental rotation allows us to look at an object and be able to flip it, for example, reading a word thats been written backwards. Mental scanning allows us to be able to visualize something or someplace without actually being there, for example, the aisle in the grocery store that has cereal.
Who discovered mental rotation?
Shepard & Metzler
Shepard & Metzler (1971) introduced the concept of mental rotation into cognitive science with what has become one of the best-known experiments in the field.
What did Shepard & Metzler 1971 found in their mental rotation experiment?
Shepard and Metzler (1971) first observed that human beings can mentally rotate two- or three dimensional objects. Mental rotation, spatial visualization and spatial orientation are the three classical spatial abilities (Linn & Petersen, 1985).
What part of the brain is used for mental rotation?
The parietal cortex has been identified most consistently in all brain imaging studies as being the core region involved in mental rotation. Some studies report activations centered more on the superior parietal lobe (SPL), while others emphasise the role of the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) as the core region.
What is mental rotation in psychology?
Abstract. Mental rotation (MR) is the ability to transform a mental representation of an object so as to accurately predict how the object would look from a different angle (Sci 171:701–703, 1971), and it is involved in a number of important cognitive and behavioral activities.
What is the range of possible scores for mental rotation abilities?
Thus possible scores ranged from 0, which indicates poor mental rotation abilities, to 24, which indicates high mental rotation abilities. 2.3. Numerical comparison task 2.3.1. Stimuli Stimuli were displayed on a 19-inch flat-screen Dell monitor in Arial size 50 font, at a distance of ~ 55 cm.
What was the first research on mental rotation?
Roger Shepard and Jacqueline Metzler (1971) were some of the first to research the phenomenon. Their experiment specifically tested mental rotation on three-dimensional objects. Each subject was presented with multiple pairs of three-dimensional, asymmetrical lined or cubed objects.
Is mental rotation linked to basic mental representation and processing of numbers?
Mental rotation and number representation have both been studied widely, but although mental rotation has been linked to higher-level mathematical skills, to date it has not been shown whether mental rotation ability is linked to the most basic mental representation and processing of numbers.
What are the stages of mental rotation?
Mental rotation can be separated into the following cognitive stages: Create a mental image of an object from all directions (imagining where it continues straight vs. turns). Rotate the object mentally until a comparison can be made (orientating the stimulus to other figure).