What is the HIV prevention Cascade?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What is the HIV prevention Cascade?

The HIV prevention cascade aims to help programme planners, policy makers, and funding bodies understand where gaps in primary prevention are, by identifying and measuring the steps required for people at risk of infection to achieve effective use of prevention methods.

What are the stages to the HIV treatment cascade?

The HIV treatment cascade is usually represented as a unidirectional series of five steps, including HIV diagnosis, LTC, engagement/retention in care, ART initiation and adherence, and viral suppression [1, 3, 7].

What is the treatment and prevention of HIV?

Overview. People with HIV should take medicine to treat HIV as soon as possible. HIV medicine is called antiretroviral therapy, or ART. If taken as prescribed, HIV medicine reduces the amount of HIV in the body (viral load) to a very low level, which keeps the immune system working and prevents illness.

What is a care Cascade?

Abstract. The cascade of care is a model for evaluating patient retention across sequential stages of care required to achieve a successful treatment outcome. This approach was first used to evaluate HIV care and has since been applied to other diseases.

What is viral load Cascade?

The viral load cascade “Virological failure” is defined by WHO to be two consecutive VL measurements ≥1000 copies/mL despite good adherence.

What does retained care mean?

14,15] Retention in HIV Medical Care (Continuous HIV Medical Care): In a general sense, retention in care is defined as a patient’s regular engagement with medical care at a health care facility after initial entry into the system.

What is the continuum of care in prevention?

What is the Continuum of Care? The Continuum of Care (CoC) is a framework that encourages communities to support resiliency and recovery and to lay the foundation for public health regions to begin to address the gaps in the continuum over time.

How do you adhere for treatment?

7 Treatment Adherence and Compliance Best Practices

  1. Focus on communication.
  2. Deliver education.
  3. Share resources.
  4. Provide easily accessible assistance.
  5. Address insurance and treatment cost barriers.
  6. Treat all patients uniquely.
  7. Don’t go it alone.

What two strategies can you use to facilitate adherence?

5 Strategies to Help Patients Improve Adherence

  • Medication Adherence is defined by a patient taking their medications as prescribed or continuing to take their medications.
  • Determine Adherence.
  • Identify Barriers.
  • Provide Partnership Through Communication.
  • Involve Caregivers (With Permission)
  • 5 .

What is the meaning of cascading effect Mcq?

Cascading tax effect is also termed as “tax on tax”. This effect occurs when a good is taxed on every stage of production. Such a good is taxed till it is finally sold to the consumer. This means each succeeding transfer of good is taxed inclusive of the taxes charged on the preceding transfer.

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