What is sarin and cyclosarin?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What is sarin and cyclosarin?

Unlike sarin, cyclosarin is a persistent liquid, meaning that it has a low vapor pressure and therefore evaporates relatively slowly, evaporating at about 1/69th the rate of sarin and 1/20th that of water. Also unlike sarin, cyclosarin is flammable, with a flash point of 94 °C (201 °F).

What is cyclosarin used for?

Cyclosarin is a man-made highly toxic organic phosphate warfare agent. It was developed as a more persistent agent than sarin. Iraq is the only country thought to have produced cyclosarin in large quantities for military use in the Iran–Iraq War in the 1980s.

What are G series nerve agents?

Nerve agents GA(tabun), GB (sarin), GD(soman), and VX are manufactured compounds. The G-type agents are clear, colorless, tasteless liquids miscible in water and most organic solvents. GB is odorless and is the most volatile nerve agent. GA has a slightly fruity odor, and GD has a slight camphor-like odor.

Who made Novichok?

Russia has never officially confirmed its existence, but those same scientists said Novichok nerve agents are the deadliest ever made, with some variants possibly five to eight times more potent than VX. Novichok is a nerve agent developed at the GosNIIOKHT state chemical-research institute in Russia.

What is the purpose of the CWA?

The CWA aims to prevent, reduce, and eliminate pollution in the nation’s water in order to “restore and maintain the chemical, physical, and biological integrity of the Nation’s waters”, as described in CWA section 101 (a).

Can CWA be applied to federal facilities?

Application of CWA to Federal Facilities Under CWA § 301, it is unlawful for any person to discharge any pollutant into waters of the United States without authorization under specific provisions of the CWA, including § 402 (NPDES) and § 404 (discharge of dredged or fill material).

What are the CWA regulations in the state of California?

The CWA regulations are in 40 C.F.R. Parts 104-108, 110-117, 122-140, 230-233, 401-471, and 501-503. Obtaining any applicable National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permit and managing direct discharges in compliance with permit conditions

Does the CWA address contamination of groundwater resources?

The CWA does not specifically address contamination of groundwater resources, a subject addressed by provisions in other laws including the Safe Drinking Water Act; the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act; and the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act. The CWA can be found at 33 U.S.C. § 1251 et seq.