What is a popliteal synovial cyst?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What is a popliteal synovial cyst?

A Baker cyst is a fluid-filled sac that forms behind the knee. It’s also known as a popliteal cyst or popliteal synovial cyst. The knee is a complex joint that has many parts. The lower end of the thighbone (femur) rotates on the upper end of the shinbone (tibia).

What causes synovial cysts in the knee?

But sometimes the knee produces too much synovial fluid, resulting in buildup of fluid in an area on the back of your knee (popliteal bursa), causing a Baker’s cyst. This can happen because of: Inflammation of the knee joint, such as occurs with various types of arthritis. A knee injury, such as a cartilage tear.

Why is a popliteal cyst called a Baker’s cyst?

It’s named for William Morrant Baker, a 19th-century surgeon who first described the condition. The cyst is filled with synovial fluid, a viscous material that lubricates the knee joint, reducing friction among the components of the joint and allowing the knee to flex and extend freely.

Does a synovial cyst have to be removed?

Synovial cysts are benign (non-cancerous). If they remain small, they will not cause pain and do not require treatment.

Do synovial cysts go away?

Synovial cysts are generally harmless, so treatment is often unnecessary. However, some people may experience pain, difficulty walking, or problems such as sciatica. For mild symptoms, a doctor may suggest a period of rest and observation. Physical or occupational therapy may also be an option for some people.

Why does my popliteus hurt?

Popliteus Strain and/or Tendinopathy Causes The typical cause of injury is a direct blow to the inside of the knee, or a sudden forceful overextension/over straightening of the knee. Muscle weakness and poor dynamic stability can increase the risk of an injury during training.

How do doctors treat a Baker’s cyst?

Your doctor may inject a corticosteroid medication, such as cortisone, into your knee to reduce inflammation. This may relieve pain, but it doesn’t always prevent recurrence of the cyst. Fluid drainage. Your doctor may drain the fluid from the knee joint using a needle.

Can you live with a synovial cyst?

A synovial cyst is a relatively uncommon cause of spinal stenosis in the lumbar spine (lower back). It is a benign condition, and the symptoms and level of pain or discomfort may remain stable for many years.

How can I treat my Baker’s cyst?

To treat a Baker’s cyst you can:

  1. take non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, to reduce swelling and pain in the affected knee.
  2. hold an ice pack to your knee for 10-20 minutes to reduce any swelling – try a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a tea towel (never put ice directly on your skin)

What to do for a popliteal cyst?

– Observation. Your doctor may recommend simply observing the cyst over time to ensure that it does not grow larger and cause painful symptoms. – Activity modification. – Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications. – Steroid injection. – Aspiration.

What are the symptoms of a synovial cyst?

Lower back pain may or may not be present

  • Lumbar radiculopathy,or leg pain (also called sciatica ).
  • Typically,there is minimal or no pain if the patient is seated,because in the seated position the spinal canal opens up and there is not as much pressure on
  • What is the recovery time for a synovial cyst surgery?

    – Injections. A facet injection can be used to drain the fluid from the cyst, relieving the pressure on the nerve. – Physical therapy. Your physician may suggest physical therapy, possibly along with pain-relieving steroid injections so that exercises can be done with minimal discomfort. – Pain medications.

    Can a popliteal cyst be dangerous to health?

    The result is a Baker’s, or popliteal, cyst. Although these cysts usually are not dangerous, they may be accompanied by uncomfortable symptoms, including swelling, pain and stiffness in the knee. As in your situation, the typical first step in treating a Baker’s cyst is draining the fluid from it.

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