What does Paracoccidioides brasiliensis cause?

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What does Paracoccidioides brasiliensis cause?

General Discussion. Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM) is a chronic infectious tropical disease caused by the fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. The initial infection usually occurs in the lungs, but may also spread to the skin, mucous membranes, and other parts of the body.

Is Paracoccidioides brasiliensis dimorphic fungi?

Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is a temperature-dependent dimorphic fungus that causes systemic paracoccidioidomycosis, a granulomatous disease.

Is Paracoccidioides contagious?

Paracoccidioidomycosis does not spread from person to person. The exact time between inhaling the fungus and getting paracoccidioidomycosis is not known, but scientists believe that many people are exposed to the fungus as children in areas where it’s common in the environment.

Which is the natural habitat for the paracoccidioides brasiliensis?

Although the habitat of P. brasiliensis remains unknown, it is commonly associated with soils in which coffee is cultivated. It has also been associated with the nine-banded armadillo, Dasypus novemcinctus.

Where is blastomycosis endemic?

Blastomycosis. Blastomycosis is considered endemic to the south-central, southeastern, and midwestern US states, particularly those bordering the Ohio and Mississippi Rivers and in parts of the United States and Canada surrounding the Great Lakes and the Saint Lawrence River (2,5).

How does someone get histoplasmosis?

The disease is acquired by inhaling the spore stage of the fungus. Outbreaks may occur in groups with common exposures to bird or bat droppings or recently disturbed, contaminated soil found in chicken coops, caves, etc. Person-to-person spread of histoplasmosis does not occur.

What is a U-21 Ute?

The U-21 Ute military version of the Beechcraft King Air A90 aircraft was deployed in a variety of configurations, including the U-21A/D/G, U-21F, and U-21J. The U-21 is an eight-place, fixed-wing aircraft used for troop and command transport, medevac, reconnaissance, and cargo.

What happened to U-21 in WW1?

At the outbreak of World War I in August 1914, U-21 was based at Heligoland in the German Bight, commanded by Kapitänleutnant (Captain Lieutenant) Otto Hersing. In early August, Hersing took U-21 on a patrol into the Dover Straits but he found no British vessels.

How many torpedoes did the U-21 have?

She was armed with four torpedo tubes and a single deck gun; a second gun was added during her career. In September 1914, U-21 became the first submarine to sink a ship with a self-propelled torpedo when she destroyed the cruiser HMS Pathfinder off the Firth of Forth.

What kind of engine does a German U-21 have?

The boat’s propulsion system consisted of a pair of 8-cylinder 2-stroke diesel engines manufactured by MAN for use on the surface, and two electric double motor-dynamos built by AEG for use while submerged. U-21 and her sister boats were the first German submarines to be equipped with diesel engines.

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