What are conceptions of learning?

Published by Anaya Cole on

What are conceptions of learning?

From a phenomenographic perspective, several factors come into play in the conception of the learning we develop: the interrelationships between individuals — age, cognitive development, motivation and self-development —, the family environment, the learning environment, and culture (Steketee, 1997).

What are preconceptions and alternative conceptions?

Student preconceptions that are inconsistent with, and even contradict, concepts in the curriculum, are alternative conceptions or misconceptions (or intuitive theories). Intuitive theories are very typical and children and adults possess them. They develop from the natural effort to make sense of the world around us.

What is prior knowledge?

Prior knowledge is defined as all the knowledge one has before learning about a particular topic. As Dochy et al. (1999) point out, it facilitates learning new information. They estimate between 30 and 60% of the variance in learning outcomes is explained by prior knowledge.

What is preconception learning?

Definition. Preconceptions are generally defined as opinions or conceptions formed in advance of “true” knowledge or experience. Thus, preconceptions can be considered also as prejudices or biases in forming scientific concepts.

What are the 3 concepts of learning?

Three concepts or types of learning, in the science classroom particularly, are the inquiry-based approach, the activity-based approach and the learning cycle. There are many advantages to each of these conceptual methods of teaching and the practice of teaching gained from an online master’s degree in science.

What are the four concepts of learning?

Klausmeier (1974) suggests four levels of concept learning: (1) concrete – recall of critical attributes, (2) identity – recall of examples, (3) classification – generalizing to new examples, and (4) formalization – discriminating new instances.

What are alternative conceptions?

Alternative conceptions are the ideas which children and adults use to explain various scientific concepts which do not match with the generally accepted scientific explanation of those concepts.

Is there a difference between misconceptions and alternative conceptions?

The term alternative conceptions refers to ideas that people have which are inconsistent with scientifically acceptable ideas. The term ‘misconception’ is also sometimes used. (Terms such as alternative conception and misconception are sometimes used synonymously, but some authors given them different meanings.

What is prior knowledge examples?

In education, prior knowledge is the learning that a child gathers before entering a classroom for the first time. For instance, one child may enter kindergarten having already learned to identify different colors and to count to ten, based on their activities at home with a caretaker before entering school.

What is preconception and misconception?

The term preconception is adopted when the wrong idea appears before people meet curricular disciplines. The term misconception is used to mark the students’ mistakes in phenomena interpretation.

What are students preconceptions?

Student pre-instructional knowledge is based on intuitions, everyday experiences, and/or what they have been taught in other contexts. Such pre-instructional knowledge is generally referred to as preconceptions.

What are the 4 concepts of learning?

What are the key concept?

‘Key’ concepts are ones judged to be particularly important in a certain context. A similar term is ‘big’ concepts. This includes a sense of scale and range, as well as importance, within the subject.

What are the types of concept?

A concept is a way to classify the world in your mind. The hierarchical model of concept classification includes three levels of concept: the most general is the superordinate concept, followed by the basic concept, and the most specific is the subordinate concept.

How do you address alternative conceptions?

Steps For Addressing Alternative Conceptions in Science

  1. Step 1: Set Up a Culture of Inquiry. Setting up this culture allows for inquiry-based discussions.
  2. Step 2: Let Students Engage in Self – Clarification. Ask your students to elaborate upon their ideas.
  3. Step 3: Get Hands On.
  4. Step 4: Explain Scientifically & Correctly.

How do you identify student misconceptions?

The most direct way to identify student’s misconceptions is to create scenarios that allow students to share their prior knowledge. This can be done in many ways including: Having class discussions about the topic prior to instruction. Use a chalk talk to look at everyone’s understandings at once.

What is alternate conception?

How do you identify learners prior knowledge?

There are several different methods to assess pre-existing knowledge and skills in students. Some are direct measures, such as tests, concept maps, portfolios, auditions, etc, and others are more indirect, such as self-reports, inventory of prior courses and experiences, etc.

Categories: Trending