# How do I count observations in SAS?

## How do I count observations in SAS?

Count the Number of Observations by Group

- With the PROC SQL statement, you start the procedure.
- After the SELECT statement follows the column you want to use to group the observations by.
- With the COUNT function, SAS counts the number of observations.
- After the FROM statement, you define the name of the input dataset.

## Is there a count function in SAS?

The COUNT function searches string, from left to right, for the number of occurrences of the specified substring, and returns that number of occurrences. If the substring is not found in string, COUNT returns a value of 0.

**What does Proc Summary do in SAS?**

You can use proc summary in SAS to quickly calculate the following descriptive statistics for one or more variables in a dataset: N: The total number of observations. MIN: The minimum value. MAX: The maximum value.

**How do I count rows in SAS?**

Probably the easiest way to count the number of rows in a SAS table is with the count-function within a PROC SQL procedure. This method is easy to understand and to remember. However, this has a disadvantage: it could be slow. Especially for large data set because this method reads every row one by one.

### How do you count the number of variables in SAS?

Since SAS has no inbuilt function to calculate the number of variables, we need to use PROC CONTENTS to calculate the number of variables. Later we are storing the number of variables information in a macro variable which is totvar. The function CMISS counts the number of missing values across columns.

### How do you count words in SAS?

Using the SAS countw() function in the SAS Macro Language By default, there is no countw() function in the SAS Macro Language, but we can use the SAS sysfunc() function to use countw(). This will find the count of words in a macro string variable.

**How do I count unique values in SAS?**

/*count distinct values in team column*/ proc sql; select count(distinct team) as distinct_teams from my_data; quit; From the output we can see that there are 3 distinct values in the team column. We can confirm this manually by observing that there are three different teams: Mavs, Rockets, and Spurs.

**What is difference between proc MEANS and proc summary?**

The key difference between PROC MEANS and PROC SUMMARY is that the default action of PROC MEANS is to place the analyses it performs in to your Output Window and in PROC SUMMARY the default is to create an output data set.

## How do you summarize data in SAS?

You can use an aggregate function (or summary function) to produce a statistical summary of data in a table. The aggregate function instructs PROC SQL in how to combine data in one or more columns. If you specify one column as the argument to an aggregate function, then the values in that column are calculated.

## What is the total number of observation?

The of a number of observations is the sum of the values of all the observations divided by the total number of observations. The of a number of observations is the sum of the values of all the observations divided by the total number of observations.

**How do I count characters in SAS?**

You can count the number of occurrences of a specific character in a SAS string with the COUNTC function. This function takes as arguments the string and the character you want to count. The COUNTC function can also count all alphabetic characters, all digits, blanks, etc.

**What is _N_ in SAS?**

The SAS automatic variable _n_ represents the number of times the data step has iterated. As an automatic variable, _n_ is created automatically by SAS when a data step is performed. _n_ is temporary, meaning it is not kept on the dataset after the data step is finished.

### How do you find the length of a string in SAS?

A well known function in SAS is the LENGTH function – used to return the length of a character string. The function will return an integer which represents the position of the last (on the right) character in the string. Trailing blanks will be ignored. However, there are two points to note about this function.

### How do I get distinct values in PROC SQL?

The INTO: clause and SEPARATED BY argument from SELECT DISTINCT in the PROC SQL procedure creates a macro variable which is a string of characters that contains all distinct values of the rows from the column that gets selected, in the alphabetical order that separated by a specified delimiter.

**How does Nodupkey work in SAS?**

The NODUPKEY option removes duplicate observations where value of a variable listed in BY statement is repeated while NODUP option removes duplicate observations where values in all the variables are repeated (identical observations).

**How do I create a summary report in SAS?**

To create a report summary:

- In the Options pane, select the name of your report from the drop-down list.
- Expand the Summary option.
- Click Preview Summary to preview the current summary. Note: The data values in the preview summary might differ from those that are displayed when a user views the report.

## How do you summarize data?

The three common ways of looking at the center are average (also called mean), mode and median. All three summarize a distribution of the data by describing the typical value of a variable (average), the most frequently repeated number (mode), or the number in the middle of all the other numbers in a data set (median).