Can glutaraldehyde be used as a surface disinfectant?

Published by Anaya Cole on

Can glutaraldehyde be used as a surface disinfectant?

Because of glutaraldehyde’s toxic nature and corrosive properties, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) prohibits the use of glutaraldehyde as an environmental surface disinfectant. Additionally, Cal/OSHA regulates glutaraldehyde as a hazardous airborne chemical contaminant.

What level of disinfectant is glutaraldehyde?

Glutaraldehyde-based formulations (>2% glutaraldehyde, caution should be exercised with all glutaraldehyde formulations when further in-use dilution is anticipated); glutaraldehyde (1.12%) and 1.93% phenol/phenate. One glutaraldehyde-based product has a high-level disinfection claim of 5 minutes at 35°C.

Is 2% glutaraldehyde a high-level disinfectant?

Glutaraldehyde has been a high-level disinfectant for over 50 years. As a disinfectant, it is used to eliminate harmful microorganisms on surgical instruments and has other uses as a fixative or preservative in other parts of a healthcare facility.

Which disinfectant was the most effective?

The best disinfectants for viruses are alcohol, bleach, hydrogen peroxide, and quaternary ammonium compounds. These active ingredients are the most common on the EPA’s list of registered disinfectants against the coronavirus.

What is the recommended use of glutaraldehyde?

Glutaraldehyde is used as a cold sterilant to disinfect and clean heat-sensitive equipment such as dialysis instruments, surgical instruments, suction bottles, bronchoscopes, endoscopes, and ear, nose, and throat instruments.

What are hospital grade level disinfectants?

Hospital Grade Disinfectant means a disinfectant that is registered with the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) as a hospital-level disinfectant and that performs the functions of bactericides (kill harmful bacteria), virucides (kill pathogenic viruses), and fungicides (destroy fungus).

How do you use glutaraldehyde disinfectant?

Keep glutaraldehyde baths under a fume hood where possible. Use only enough glutaraldehyde to perform the required disinfecting procedure. Avoid skin contact: use gloves and aprons made of nitrile or butyl rubber (latex gloves do not provide adequate protection). Wash gloved hands after handling glutaraldehyde.

Is glutaraldehyde a high level disinfectant?

All high-level disinfectants, including glutaraldehyde, OPA, peracetic acid, and hydrogen peroxide, are designed to kill microorganisms and have the potential to be irritants and possibly sensitizers. Glutaraldehyde has been the high-level disinfectant of choice for more than 30 years.

What is the difference between glutaraldehyde and formaldehyde?

Glutaraldehyde is a liquid and delivered as a disinfectant in aqueous solution, whereas formaldehyde is a gas phase disinfectant. As with most disinfectants, glutaraldehyde use must always be accompanied by the use of proper PPE to limit skin and respiratory exposure.

Can glutaraldehyde be used with fogging equipment?

As with most disinfectants, glutaraldehyde use must always be accompanied by the use of proper PPE to limit skin and respiratory exposure. Some gluteraldehyde formulations can be used with fogging equipment, again with proper PPE, and carefully following the instructions on the label.

What are the side effects of glutaraldehyde?

Exposure to glutaraldehyde can cause severe irritation to the skin, mucous membranes, and respiratory system. Its vapors have been associated with cases of occupational asthma, and the FDA requires the all glutaraldehyde labels warn that the product should not be used outside a closed container.

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